FACULRY OF EDUCATION
DERPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TEACHOIING STUDIES
Assignment number one.
Geography Teaching Methods
a) Briefly define schemata or schema, assimilation and accommodation.
b) Briefly explain the importance of equilibration and disequilibrium.
DATE OF SUBMISSION: JULY 07, 2013.
Jean Piaget is often quoted to have pioneered research in cognitive development (Hayes, 1998). The constructivist theory is a subset of the cognitivist theories. It is based on the learner –centred theories that emphases on the need to provide learners with responsibility for directing their own learning experiences. Schemata, assimilation and accommodation are some of the primary concepts in understanding the Constructivist theory of cognitive development. The other central features apart from three principles are the notions of equilibration and disequilibrium. This essay will briefly define the principles of schemata, assimilation and accommodation. It will also explain the importance of equilibration and disequilibrium in cognitive development. Schemata according to Dembo (1991) are cognitive structures that are formed through the obstruction of one’s earlier experience. It is stated that children are born with very f few innate schemata and that they keep on creating new ones as they interact with the environment. Hayes (1998) adds that schemata should be understood as “a theoretical construct which is generally understood as the being an internalized representation of the world, or at least some part of the world.” p.473. Schemata therefore relate to specific bit of activity, and summarises the stored knowledge and experiences related to such an activity. All human thinking is centred on schemata that develop throughout an individual’s life through the process of...
References: Borick, D and Tombari, L.M. (1995). Educational psychology: a contemporary approach. New York: Wesley Education, Inc.
GageN.L. and Berliner, C.D. (1998). Educational psychology 6th ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
Hardy, M. (1979). Beginning Psychology 4th Ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hayes, N. (1998). Foundations of psychology: an introductory text 2nd Ed. London: Thomas Nelson.
http://www.coe.uga.edu/epiltt/pigeat.htm Retrieved on July03, 2013
http://www.simplypsychology.org/piaget.html Retrieved on July o3[->0], 2013
O’Donnell, M.A. (2006). “The role of Peers and Group Learning.” In Alexander, A.P. & Winner, H.P.(Eds.). Handbook of educational psychology 2nd Ed. London: Lawrence Eribaum associates. pp.781-798.
Russell, J., Jarvis, M
Woolfolk, A. (2001). Educational psychology 8thEd. New York: Pearson Educational Company.
[->0] - http://www.simplypsychology.org/piaget.html%20%20%20%20%20Retrieved%20on%20July%20o3
Please join StudyMode to read the full document